Have you ever heard about chiral metamaterials in 3D Printing? Sculpteo explains

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A paper entitled “3D Printed Chiral Metasurface as Dichroic Dual-Band Polarization Converter.” was recently launched by researchers of Sculpteo. Every day researchers around the world become more and more fascinated with 3D Printing.

This research is focusing on designing and AM chiral metasurface, behaving as a spatial polarization converter with an asymmetric transmission.

What’s Additive Manufacturing chiral metasurface?

This paper has been written by Shengzhe Wu, Su Xu, Tatiana L. Zinenko, Vladimir V. Yachin, Sergey L. Prosvirnin and Vladimir R. Tuz. The 3D printed metasurface is made of metallic sesquialteral helical particles. Here is what the study says about these particles:

Each particle contains six rectangular bars arranged in a series one above the another creating a spiral. The proposed metasurface exhibits a dual-band asymmetric transmission accompanied by the effect of complete polarization conversion in the response on the particular distributions of currents induced in the particle’s bars by an incident wave. Regarding circularly polarized waves the metasurface demonstrates a strong circular dichroism.

How is this project helping with the transmission? This experiment could allow manufacturing communication components with efficient polarization conversion for extreme environments.

The biased magnetic field breaks the time-reversal symmetry, which leads to a nonreciprocal response of media,” the researchers state. “This mechanism is accompanied by the effect of circular dichroism related to differential absorption of the left-handed and right-handed circularly polarized waves. However, the nonreciprocal response is not restricted to the use of magnetic field only. Indeed, optical diodes can be constructed by utilizing spatial-temporal modulations of refractive indices or some nonlinear effects for which the reciprocity theorem is violated.”

The main reasons why the team of researchers chooses 3D printing

Most times Additive Manufacturing appears to be the best solution for some applications. The advantages of 3D printed chirals were really interesting for researchers. 3D printing is the best solution to manufacture such intricate structures. They also needed a 3D printable material, that is why they chose to create 3D printed chirals using a metal alloy. These 3D chirals are printed using cobalt chromium.

These kinds of parts were previously made using glass epoxy laminated which can’t really provide the properties needed for this kind of experiments.

Indeed, parts needed mechanical support of metallic patterns, even at extremely high temperatures. This is why this team of researchers started to work with cobalt chromium.

As they affirm in the study: “The Cobalt Chromium alloy, whose melting temperature is high, can prevent the metasurface structure from being destroyed at an extreme working environment. This is a unique advantage of the alloy-based metasurface compared to the chiral components patterned on glass epoxy laminates

If you want to know more about, download the study 3D Printed Chiral Metasurface as Dichroic Dual-Band Polarization Converter.

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Source:  Lucie Gaget Sculpteo 3D printing chiral metamaterials: What is it? https://www.sculpteo.com/blog/2019/01/23/3d-printing-chiral-metamaterials-what-is-it/ published on Jan23, 2019 and was re-edited by Rob Parker on Jan24, 2019;

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